*Kurt Lewin and Rudolph Arnheim thru Olson: "First, some simplicities that a man learns, if he works in OPEN, or what can also be called COMPOSITION BY FIELD" p. [page] 239 in PROJECTIVE VERSE, Collected prose/Charles Olson, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1997.
**"Cocteau has said of his drawing that it is writing untied an 'knotted up again in a different way,'" Davenport, Guy, The hunter Gracchus, Washington, DC, Counterpoint, 1996, P. 270.
***"In all these lectures [Italo Calvino's Six memos for the next millennium] there is an insistence that writing is a search for lightness (of spirit, of intellect) to free us from the weight of reality. The spirit that writing seeks is a necessary counterbalance to the dreary right of our times. We have, Calvino says, brutalized our senses, and have abused language in its political and commercial enslavement. 'In an age when other fantastically speedy, widespread media are triumphing, and running the risk of flattening all communication onto a single, homogenous surface, the function of literature is communication between things that are different simply because they are different.'" Guy Davenport, The hunter Gracchus, Washington, DC Counterpoint, 1996.
****"The possibility of staring at the word, the work, and elucidating from it an effective value which may not be containable within the linguistic parameters of meaning production and yet cannot be conceived of without them," Drucker, Johanna, "Visual performance of the poetic text," in Bernstein, Charles, editor, Close listening, p. 160.
*****"The sensation of physically operating on the world is ery strong in the medium of collage...I do feel more joyful with collage, less austere. A form of play." Robert Motherwell, quoted by Katherine Hoffman, "Collage in the twentieth century: an overview" in Collage: critical views, Ann Arbor, UMI Research Press, 1989, p. 18.
"The collage seems casually, even flimsily made, deliberately flawed as a constructed object. It has a ramshackle, helter-skelter look, as though the artist were unsuccessfully trying to clean up an accident." Kuspit, Donald, "Collage: the organizing principle of art", in Hoffman, Katherine, Collage: critical views, Ann Arbor, UMI Research Press, 1989.